Ask-Advise-Connect: Differential Enrollment and Smoking Cessation Outcomes Between Primary Care Patients Who Received Quitline-Delivered Treatment in Spanish vs English

Bethany Shorey Fennell, Bárbara Piñeiro, Damon J. Vidrine, Summer G. Frank-Pearce, David W. Wetter, Vani N. Simmons, Jennifer I. Vidrine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE This study examined differences in Quitline treatment enrollment, engagement, and smoking cessation outcomes among primary care patients preferring Spanish and English using the evidence-based tobacco treatment Ask-Advise-Connect. METHODS Ask-Advise-Connect was implemented April 2013 through February 2016 in a large safety-net health system to connect smokers with treatment via a link in the electronic health record. Rates of treatment enrollment, engagement, acceptance of nicotine replacement therapy, and smoking abstinence (self-reported and biochemically confirmed) were compared at 6 months among patients who received treatment in Spanish and English using χ2 tests. Logistic regression examined language and nicotine replacement therapy and their interaction as predictors of abstinence. RESULTS The smoking status of 218,915 patients was assessed and recorded in the electronic health record. Smoking prevalence was 8.4% among patients preferring Spanish and 27.0% among those preferring English. Spanish-preferring patients were less likely to enroll in treatment (10.7% vs 12.0%, χ2 =12.06, P= .001) yet completed more counseling calls when enrolled (median=2 vs 1, P <.001). Patients who received treatment in Spanish (vs English) were twice as likely to be abstinent at 6 months (self-reported: 25.1% vs 14.5%, odds ratio [OR] =1.98, 95% CI, 1.62-2.40; biochemically confirmed: 7.6% vs 3.7%, OR=2.13, 95% CI, 1.52-2.97). Receipt of nicotine replacement therapy increased abstinence for all patients and language did not interact with nicotine replacement therapy to predict abstinence. CONCLUSIONS Automated point-of-care approaches such as Ask-Advise-Connect have great potential to reach Spanish-preferring smokers. Those who received tobacco treatment in Spanish (vs English) demonstrated better engagement and cessation outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-525
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Family Medicine
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Annals of Family Medicine, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Quitline
  • electronic health records
  • primary health care
  • smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

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