Assessing psychosocial profile in the physical therapy setting

Joshua J. Van Wyngaarden, Brian Noehren, Kristin R. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Physical therapists play a crucial role in managing persistent pain and disability. Since psychosocial factors are important predictors of poor patient outcomes, it is essential that clinicians understand how to utilize validated instruments to assess psychosocial profile in the clinical setting. The following article reviews the psychometric properties and clinical application of the Keele Subgroups for Targeted Treatment Back Screening Tool (SBT), Optimal Screening for Prediction of Referral and Outcome Yellow Flag (OSPRO-YF), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ), and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). Results: Multidimensional screening tools, such as the SBT and OSPRO-YF, are useful prognostic indicators of long-term disability and the presence of yellow flags that may be contributing to patient presentation, respectively. This can guide both the treatment and administration of specific, unidimensional psychosocial assessment tools. The following cutoffs are identified as moderate elevation of psychosocial profile which can be used to inform clinical practice: PCS ≥20, TSK >37, PSEQ ≥40, and PHQ-9 ≥10. Conclusion: Valid and reliable unidimensional and multidimensional psychosocial assessment tools provide important prognostic information to inform a patient's psychosocial profile and subsequently improve clinical efficiency and patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12165
JournalJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research reported in this publication was partially funded through a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute® (PCORI®) Award (CER-1306-01970).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • physical therapy
  • psychosocial
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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