Assessing the Impact of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain Among Women With Type 1 Diabetes on Overweight/Obesity in Their Adolescent and Young Adult Offspring: A Pilot Study

Ketrell L. McWhorter, Katherine Bowers, Lawrence Dolan, Ranjan Deka, Chandra L. Jackson, Jane C. Khoury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: We sought to determine the impact of intrauterine exposure to excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) on overweight/obesity in adolescent/young adult offspring of women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM). Methods: In 2008, a pilot study was conducted among 19 randomly-selected adolescent and adult offspring of mothers with TIDM who participated in the Diabetes in Pregnancy Program Project (DiP) between 1978 and 1995. Body mass index (BMI)-specific Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for gestational weight gain (GWG) were defined as: 12.5–18.0 kilograms (kg) GWG; 11.5–16.0 kg GWG: 7.0–11.5 kg GWG; 5.0–9.0 kg GWG, for women classed as underweight, normal, overweight and obese according to pre-pregnancy BMI, respectively. Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR, [95% confidence intervals, CI]) for overweight/obesity among offspring, related to IOM adherence, adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI and mean maternal daily insulin units/kg body weight. Results: Mean age of offspring at follow-up was 20.3 ± 3.3 years, 12(63%) were male, 4(21%) Black and 12(63%) overweight/obese. There were 9(82%) overweight/obese offspring among the 11 mothers who exceeded IOM guidelines for GWG compared with 3(38%) overweight/obese offspring among the 8 mothers with GWG within guidelines. Exceeding vs. adhering to IOM guidelines (OR = 7.50, [95%CI: 0.92–61.0]) and GWG per kilogram (OR = 1.39, [95%CI: 0.98–1.97]) were associated with offspring overweight/obesity at follow-up. Conclusions/interpretation: Our pilot study suggests potential long-term implications of excessive GWG on metabolic health in offspring of mothers with TIDM, warranting future research examining the health impact of GWG in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number713
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2018 McWhorter, Bowers, Dolan, Deka, Jackson and Khoury.

Keywords

  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • gestational weight gain
  • obesity
  • offspring
  • overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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