Assessing the integrated pest management practices of southeastern US ornamental nursery operations

Anthony V. Lebude, Sarah A. White, Amy F. Fulcher, Steve Frank, William E. Klingeman, Juang Horng Chong, Matthew R. Chappell, Alan Windham, Kris Braman, Frank Hale, Winston Dunwell, Jean Williams-Woodward, Kelly Ivors, Craig Adkins, Joe Neal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: The Southern Nursery Integrated Pest Management (SNIPM) working group surveyed ornamental nursery crop growers in the southeastern United States to determine their pest management practices. Respondents answered questions about monitoring practices for insects, diseases and weeds, prevention techniques, intervention decisions, concerns about IPM and educational opportunities. Survey respondents were categorized into three groups based on IPM knowledge and pest management practices adopted. RESULTS: The three groups differed in the use of standardized sampling plans for scouting pests, in monitoring techniques, e.g. sticky cards, phenology and growing degree days, in record-keeping, in the use of spot-spraying and in the number of samples sent to a diagnostic clinic for identification and management recommendation. CONCLUSIONS: Stronger emphasis is needed on deliberate scouting techniques and tools to monitor pest populations to provide earlier pest detection and greater flexibility of management options. Most respondents thought that IPM was effective and beneficial for both the environment and employees, but had concerns about the ability of natural enemies to control insect pests, and about the availability and effectiveness of alternatives to chemical controls. Research and field demonstration is needed for selecting appropriate natural enemies for augmentative biological control. Two groups utilized cooperative extension almost exclusively, which would be an avenue for educating those respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1278-1288
Number of pages11
JournalPest Management Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • Cooperative extension
  • IPM
  • Ornamental nursery crops
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science


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