Assessing the long-term impact of a metacognitive approach to creative skill development

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61 Scopus citations


The goal of this research was to determine the long-term impact that selected instructional interventions, based on research in metacognition and learning theory, have on students' creativity. The study builds off research that has been conducted documenting the impact of creative thinking based instructional interventions. The study tracked design students beginning their freshman year to determine if observed improvements have been maintained throughout 4 years of undergraduate study. Preliminary research statistically tested the introduction of structured metacognitive skills on the development of creative thinking ability for a diverse population of undergraduate design students. This research indicated that an approach to education influenced by research in learning theory and metacognition does, in the short-term, result in students who are more creative. By continuing testing throughout students' education an equally important question was answered. To what degree do students maintain or improve this level of enhanced creative thinking ability over an extended period of time? The findings showed that students who participated in one or both interventions finished with significantly higher levels of creative thinking. The knowledge gained also demonstrated how newly structured educational interventions utilizing online blogs and other Internet based technologies were successful in enhancing and maintaining students' creative thinking abilities. The goal was to provide educators with insight and guidance in the application of a metacognitive approach and to introduce available technologies to aid in this process. This study provides educators with a plan of action consisting of a toolbox of creative strategies and a framework for a reflective approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-517
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Technology and Design Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • Creative thinking
  • Creativity
  • Design education
  • Metacognition
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Engineering


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