To systematically assess the impact of glycosylation and the corresponding chemoselective linker upon the anticancer activity/selectivity of the drug chlorambucil, herein we report the synthesis and anticancer activities of a 63-member library of chlorambucil-based neoglycosides. A comparison of N-alkoxyamine-, N-acylhydrazine-, and N-hydroxyamine-based chemoselective glycosylation of chlorambucil revealed sugar- and linker-dependent partitioning among open- and closed-ring neoglycosides and corresponding sugar-dependent variant biological activity. Cumulatively, this study represents the first neoglycorandomization of a synthetic drug and expands our understanding of the impact of sugar structure upon product distribution/equilibria in the context of N-alkoxyamino-, N-hydroxyamino-, and N-acylhydrazine-based chemoselective glycosylation. This study also revealed several analogues with increased in vitro anticancer activity, most notably d-threoside 60 (NSC 748747), which displayed much broader tumor specificity and notably increased potency over the parent drug.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 25 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery