Assessment of predictive models for characterizing the atomization process in a spray dryer's bi-fluid nozzle

Sadegh Poozesh, Nico Setiawan, Nelson K. Akafuah, Kozo Saito, Patrick J. Marsac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Spray drying as a commonly used process to produce amorphous solid dispersions of poorly water soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) involves dissolution of the API and often a polymer, surfactant, and/or other functional excipient(s) into a volatile solvent. This feed solution is then pumped to an atomizing nozzle to produce droplets inside the drying chamber. The current paper aims to utilize non-scaled parameters to characterize the atomization process. A bi-fluid nozzle with two different designs commonly used in a lab-scale spray dryer was investigated under different operating conditions. The feed solutions were made of several excipients commonly used to produce amorphous solid dispersion composites. Atomization characterization is presented via both mean droplet size and size distribution. Various models are evaluated for predicting droplet mean diameter and span suitable for extrapolating atomization in the spray drying process. These approaches may be extended to other nozzles and across scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Science
StatePublished - Apr 28 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to the National Institute for Pharmaceutical Technology and Education (NIPTE) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for providing funds for this research. This study was funded by the FDA Grant to NIPTE titled “CRITICAL PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR SPRAY DRYING PHARMACEUTICALS“; with grant number of U01FD004275.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018


  • Amorphous solid dispersion
  • Breakup phenomena
  • Droplet size distribution
  • Non-dimensional parameters
  • Spray drying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of predictive models for characterizing the atomization process in a spray dryer's bi-fluid nozzle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this