Association between commercial vehicle driver at-fault crashes involving sleepiness/fatigue and proximity to rest areas and truck stops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: There is ongoing concern at the national level about the availability of adequate commercial vehicle rest areas and truck stops for commercial vehicle drivers to rest or to wait for a delivery window. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to determine the association between the occurrence of sleepiness/fatigue-related (cases) vs. all other human factor-related commercial vehicle driver at-fault crashes (controls) and proximity to rest areas, weigh stations with rest havens, and truck stops. Results: Commercial vehicle driver at-fault crashes involving sleepiness/fatigue were more likely to occur on roadways where the nearest rest areas/weigh stations with rest havens/truck stops were located 20 miles or more from the commercial vehicle crash site (Odds Ratio [OR] = 2.32; Confidence Interval [CI] 1.615, 3.335] for 20–39.9 miles vs. <20 miles; and OR = 6.788 [CI 2.112, 21.812] for 40+ miles) compared to commercial vehicle at-fault driver crashes with human factors other than sleepiness/fatigue cited in crash reports. Commercial vehicle driver at-fault crashes involving sleepiness/fatigue also were more likely to occur on parkways compared to interstates (adjusted OR = 3.747 [CI 2.83, 4.95]), during nighttime hours (adjusted OR = 6.199 [CI 4.733, 8.119]), and on dry pavement (adjusted OR 1.909, [CI 1.373, 2.655]). Conclusions: The use of statewide crash data analysis coupled with ArcGIS mapping capabilities provided the opportunity to both statistically determine and to visualize the association between rest area/weigh station with rest haven/truck stop distance and the occurrence of commercial vehicle driver at-fault crashes involving sleepiness/fatigue. Implementation and evaluation of commercial vehicle employer policies and interventions such as the use of commercial vehicle driver fatigue alert systems may help to reduce fatigue and sleepiness in commercial vehicle drivers. These results can be used by state and local highway transportation officials to inform and increase truck parking availability, especially on parkways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume126
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This journal article was supported by the Grant or Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U60 OH 008483-12 funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Department of Health and Human Services.

Funding Information:
This journal article was supported by the Grant or Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U60 OH 008483-12 funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Department of Health and Human Services. The authors would like to thank the Kentucky State Police for provision of the electronic crash data file for analysis, and Lynn Soporowski, Transportation Engineering Branch Manager in the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet for her critical review of the manuscript. This work was performed at the Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center in its role as the bona fide agent of the Kentucky Department for Public Health in the areas of violence and injury prevention.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • ArcGIS
  • Commercial vehicles
  • Crash
  • Driver
  • Rest areas
  • Sleepiness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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