Association between renal iron accumulation and renal interstitial fibrosis in a rat model of chronic kidney disease

Yoshiro Naito, Aya Fujii, Hisashi Sawada, Makiko Oboshi, Toshihiro Iwasaku, Yoshitaka Okuhara, Daisuke Morisawa, Akiyo Eguchi, Shinichi Hirotani, Tohru Masuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Iron accumulation is associated with the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Renal fibrosis is a final common feature that contributes to the progression of CKD; however, little is known about the association between renal iron accumulation and renal interstitial fibrosis in CKD. Here we investigate the effects of iron chelation on renal interstitial fibrosis in a rat model of CKD. CKD was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in Sprague-Dawley rats. At 8 weeks after operation, 5/6 nephrectomized rats were administered an oral iron chelator, deferasirox (DFX), in chow for 8 weeks. Other CKD rats were given a normal diet. Sham-operative rats given a normal diet served as a control. CKD rats exhibited hypertension, glomerulosclerosis and renal interstitial fibrosis. Iron chelation with DFX did not change hypertension and glomerulosclerosis; however, renal interstitial fibrosis was attenuated in CKD rats. Consistent with these findings, renal gene expression of collagen type III and transforming growth factor-β was increased in CKD rats compared with the controls, while iron chelation suppressed these increments. In addition, a decrease in vimentin along an increase in E-cadherin in renal gene expression was observed in CKD rats with iron chelation. CKD rats also showed increased CD68-positive cells in the kidney, whereas its increase was attenuated by iron deprivation. Similarly, increased renal gene expression of CD68, tumor necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 was suppressed in CKD rats with iron chelation. Renal iron accumulation seems to be associated with renal interstitial fibrosis in a rat model of CKD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-470
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension Research
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Japanese Society of Hypertension.

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • iron
  • renal fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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