Background: Altered reorganization of the sensorimotor system after an initial lateral ankle sprain may lead to a chronic neuromuscular maladaptation in multiple body locations. Specifically, decreased diaphragm contractility has been observed in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). The diaphragm has an essential role in postural control. Decreased diaphragm contractility could associate with diminished postural control commonly observed in patients with CAI. However, no study has determined if diaphragm contractility contributes to postural control in a CAI population. Hypothesis: Decreased diaphragm contractility would be negatively associated with static postural control in patients with CAI. Study Design: Cross-sectional study design. Level of Evidence: Level 4. Methods: A total of 15 participants with CAI participated voluntarily. An ultrasonography assessment was performed to quantify the right and left hemidiaphragm thickness at the end of resting inspiration and expiration in supine while breathing quietly. The degree of diaphragm contractility was calculated from the diaphragm thickness. Participants performed 3 eyes-open trials of a 20-second single-leg balance task on the involved limb. Static postural control measures included the center of pressure velocity (COPV) and mean of time-to-boundary (TTB) minima in the anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral directions. Results: Moderate correlations of the right hemidiaphragm contractility were observed with COPV (ρ = -0.54) and TTB mean minima (ρ = 0.56) (P < 0.05) in the AP direction. The left hemidiaphragm contractility was moderately correlated with COPV (ρ = −0.56) and TTB mean minima (ρ = 0.60) (P < 0.05) in the AP direction. Conclusion: Lower diaphragm contractility may be associated with diminished static postural control in the AP direction in patients with CAI. Clinical Relevance: This study highlights diaphragm contractility could be a potential connection with diminished static postural control in patients with CAI. Our data raise new avenues for future exploration including potential beneficial effects of implementation of diaphragm breathing exercises and techniques for restoring static postural control in patients with CAI.
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s).
- ankle sprain
- breathing mechanics
- joint instability
- postural stability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation