Attainment and maintenance of platelet inhibition through standard dosing of abciximab in diabetic and nondiabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

Steven R. Steinhubl, Kandice Kottke-Marchant, David J. Moliterno, Monique L. Rosenthal, Nikki K. Godfrey, Barry S. Coller, Eric J. Topol, A. Michael Lincoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Although the effectiveness of abciximab (c7E3 Fab; ReoPro) in large populations of patients undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention has been consistently proved in clinical trials, it is unknown whether all patients achieve and maintain target inhibition during treatment. Diabetic patients in particular are a subgroup of patients with known underlying platelet abnormalities whose long-term response to abciximab has been shown to vary from that of nondiabetic patients. Methods and Results - Forty-nine diabetic and 51 nondiabetic patients who received adjunctive abciximab therapy during percutaneous coronary interventions were evaluated prospectively. The degree of platelet function inhibition was determined immediately after the abciximab bolus, 8 hours after the bolus (during the 12-hour abciximab infusion), and the next morning (13 to 26 hours after the bolus) with the use of a rapid platelet function assay (Accumetrics). After the abciximab bolus, platelet function was inhibited by 95 ± 4% (mean ± SD). By 8 hours, the average percent inhibition had decreased to 88 ± 9%, with 13% of patients with <80% inhibition. The next morning (mean 19 hours after the bolus), mean inhibition was 71 ± 14%. A difference was not found between diabetics and nondiabetics, nor was any physiological parameter found to be predictive of the response to abciximab. Conclusions - Although the majority of patients achieve and maintain ≥80% platelet inhibition during the 12-hour infusion with standard-dose abciximab, there is substantial variability among patients. Diabetic Status does not appear to influence this variability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1977-1982
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume100
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 1999

Keywords

  • Abciximab
  • Angioplasty
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Platelets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Attainment and maintenance of platelet inhibition through standard dosing of abciximab in diabetic and nondiabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this