Attraction of Japanese Beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) to Host Plant Volatiles in Field Trapping Experiments

John H. Loughrin, Daniel A. Potter, Thomas R. Hamilton-Kemp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Attraction of Japanese beetles, Popillia japonica Newman, to 17 compounds typical of those released by undamaged and insect-damaged angiosperm leaves was compared in replicated field trials. Eight compounds attracted significantly more beetles than did an unbaited trap; however, the 2 most attractive single compounds, phenylacetonitrile and (Z)-jasmone, were only ≈10% as effective as geraniol, a component of commercial lures. Progressive pairwise addition of less attractive volatiles to a blend of phenylacetonitrile and (Z)-jasmone resulted in increasing beetle capture. The relative attractiveness of blends of conifer/eucalyptus, fruit-like, and floral odors, plus a complete mixture of these, also was tested. Although the floral, fruit-like, and complete mixtures captured more beetles than did the conifer/eucalyptus blend or phenylacetonitrile alone, our results suggest that this polyphagous insect is likely to be attracted to many naturally occurring plant volatiles, and that as the number of components in a volatile blend increases, so will its attractiveness. The complete mixture of volatile compounds also attracted more green June beetles, Cotinis nitida (L)., than did the fruit-like, floral, or conifer/eucalyptus blends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-400
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Entomology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1998


  • Aggregation
  • Attractant
  • Cotinis nitida
  • Popillia japonica
  • Semiochemical
  • Volatile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Insect Science


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