Atypical antipsychotic initiation and the risk of type II diabetes in children and adolescents

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To estimate the risk of type II diabetes (T2DM) in children and adolescents initiating atypical antipsychotic (AAP) therapy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a new user design approach. Medical and pharmacy claims data between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2009 for dependents ages 4 to 18 from an employed, commercially insured population from across the USA were included. AAP exposure was defined in the presence of a pharmacy claim preceded by at least six months of AAP-free history. We used propensity score (PS) methodology to identify and match incident AAP users and non-users. New-onset T2DM, was defined based on medical and pharmacy claims. Follow-up was extended until the date of new-onset T2DM or the end of the study period. The risk of T2DM was evaluated in an intent to treat fashion using the Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazard regression that provided hazard ratio (HR) and associated 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: Our study population included 6236 new AAP users and 22080 non-users. In this PS-matched sample, the estimated risk of T2DM was twice as high in AAP users as non-users (HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.45-3.29). Noticeable risk differences between AAP-treated and control groups materialized within four months of AAP initiation and became constant after six months until the end of the follow-up. Conclusions: Children and adolescents who were prescribed an AAP medication had a two times higher risk of developing T2DM; our study raises questions about continued AAP use in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-591
Number of pages9
JournalPharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords

  • Atypical antipsychotics
  • Children
  • Pharmacoepidemiology
  • Risk
  • Type II diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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