Augmentative and Alternative Communication for Cerebral Palsy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) should be used to augment or replace communication for individuals with cerebral palsy when the individuals are not able to communicate with all of their familiar and unfamiliar communication partners in all situations. Unaided AAC includes the individual using facial gestures, pointing, and manual signs. Aided AAC includes the individual using photos, drawings, written words, and speechgenerating devices (SGD) to supplement or replace his speech. Within the WHO ICF framework, aided AAC can be considered an environmental factor, typically external to the AAC user. However, the AAC system interacts with the individual’s body structure/function, the desired communication activities, and the participation requirements at home and in the community. AAC can be used with all individuals regardless of their ages or current cognitive skills and should encompass a life span perspective. AAC can support communication understanding as well as expressive communication. To determine the necessary AAC symbols, aids, techniques, and strategies, the speech-language pathologist along with an interdisciplinary AAC team will conduct an AAC evaluation. AAC intervention is necessary and will help the AAC users and their communication partners learn how to use AAC to communicate in daily life. The ultimate goal of AAC and all communication interventions is to ensure that individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) can participate in all life situations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCerebral Palsy
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783319745589
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.


  • Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Communication competencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)
  • Health Professions (all)


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