Objectives: The International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC) facilitates the effective classification of a heterogeneous group of cancers in the important pediatric population. However, there has been no development of machine learning models for the ICCC classification. We developed deep learning-based information extraction models from cancer pathology reports based on the ICD-O-3 coding standard. In this article, we describe extending the models to perform ICCC classification. Materials and Methods: We developed 2 models, ICD-O-3 classification and ICCC recoding (Model 1) and direct ICCC classification (Model 2), and 4 scenarios subject to the training sample size. We evaluated these models with a corpus consisting of 29 206 reports with age at diagnosis between 0 and 19 from 6 state cancer registries. Results: Our findings suggest that the direct ICCC classification (Model 2) is substantially better than reusing the ICD-O-3 classification model (Model 1). Applying the uncertainty quantification mechanism to assess the confidence of the algorithm in assigning a code demonstrated that the model achieved a micro-F1 score of 0.987 while abstaining (not sufficiently confident to assign a code) on only 14.8% of ambiguous pathology reports. Conclusions: Our experimental results suggest that the machine learning-based automatic information extraction from childhood cancer pathology reports in the ICCC is a reliable means of supplementing human annotators at state cancer registries by reading and abstracting the majority of the childhood cancer pathology reports accurately and reliably.
|State||Published - Jul 1 2022|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association.
- cancer pathology reports
- information extraction
- machine learning
- pediatric cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics