Autonomous quadrotor collision avoidance and destination seeking in a GPS-denied environment

Thomas Kirven, Jesse B. Hoagg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a new integrated guidance and control method for autonomous collision avoidance and navigation in an unmapped GPS-denied environment that contains unknown obstacles. The algorithm is implemented on an experimental custom quadrotor that uses onboard vision sensing (i.e., an Intel RealSense R200) to detect the positions of obstacles. We demonstrate autonomous collision avoidance and destination seeking in experiments, where the quadrotor navigates unknown GPS-denied environments. All feedback measurements are obtained from onboard sensors. The new guidance and control algorithm uses a nonlinear inner-loop attitude controller; a nonlinear middle-loop velocity controller; and an ellipsoidal-potential-field outer-loop guidance algorithm for collision avoidance and destination seeking. The main analytic result regarding the inner-loop control shows that every quadrotor attitude with pitch between ± 90 is a locally exponentially stable equilibrium of the closed-loop attitude dynamics, and we quantify the region of attraction for each attitude equilibrium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-118
Number of pages20
JournalAutonomous Robots
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Collision avoidance
  • Quadcopter
  • Vision sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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