Research has demonstrated that individuals experiencing trauma-related shame exhibit greater posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, little research has investigated additional factors relevant to the shame–PTSD relationship. The current study examined the role of avoidance and approach coping in accounting for the trauma-related shame–PTSD association among 60 women who had experienced interpersonal trauma. Indirect effects tests revealed that avoidance coping partially accounted for the association between shame and interviewer-assessed PTSD symptoms, β =.21, SE = 0.08, 95% confidence interval (CI) = [0.03, 0.36]. These findings offer a novel contribution to the growing literature examining negative outcomes following interpersonal trauma.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Violence Against Women|
|State||Published - Jan 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was partially supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH—NCATS CTSA UL1TR001998; NIAAA T32 AA027488). This work was also supported by the University of Kentucky Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women (OPSVAW).
© The Author(s) 2021.
- PTSD symptoms
- interpersonal trauma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Gender Studies
- Sociology and Political Science