Awareness of modifiable acute myocardial infarction risk factors has little impact on risk perception for heart attack among vulnerable patients

Mona A. Abed, Amani A. Khalil, Debra K. Moser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Poor awareness of modifiable risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may explain the reported weak relationship between patients' actual and perceived risk for AMI. Objectives: To assess the level of awareness of modifiable risks and perceived vulnerability for AMI among Jordanian patients, and to determine their independent association. Methods: This was a cross-sectional correlational study (. N = 231). Perceived risk, awareness of risk factors and risk profile were collected by self-reports and medical chart review. Results: Patients were mostly males (80%) and had a mean of 55.3±12.6 years for age. Perceived and actual AMI risks were not highly congruent even though patients had, on average, two modifiable risks and were knowledgeable of them. Awareness of risk factors independently explained 3.5% of the variance in perceived risk. Conclusions: The risk for developing AMI is underestimated among cardiac patients and it is only weakly linked with their awareness of AMI risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalHeart and Lung
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Knowledge
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Perception
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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