Band alignment of Pb-Sn mixed triple cation perovskites for inverted solar cells with negligible hysteresis

Long Ji, Xiangzhao Zhang, Ting Zhang, Yafei Wang, Feng Wang, Zhiqin Zhong, Zhi David Chen, Zewen Xiao, Li Chen, Shibin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Substituting the toxic lead (Pb) in Pb halide perovskites by less harmful Sn is an attractive approach towards obtaining environment-friendly perovskite solar cells. However, complete substitution of Pb by Sn undermines the stability of perovskite materials and devices. Therefore, partial substitution of Pb by Sn has attracted much interest to balance environmental considerations and device performance. Here, we exploit the Sn ratio to optimize the band alignment in Pb-Sn mixed perovskite solar cells with an inverted structure. The band edge properties of Pb-Sn mixed triple cation perovskites (Cs/MA/FAPb1-xSnxX3, X = Cl, Br, I) for efficient inverted solar cells are studied via simulation and experiment. The optimized solar cell with x = 0.336 shows the highest power conversion efficiency of 16.10% along with negligible hysteresis. We demonstrate that the devices are stable and maintain 93% of the initial PCE under ambient conditions for 30 days. These results suggest that bandgap engineering is a feasible approach to balance the efficiency and stability of Pb-Sn mixed PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9154-9162
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number15
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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