Baseline subjective stress predicts 1-year outcomes among drug court clients

Thomas F. Garrity, Sallie H. Prewitt, Michelle Joosen, Michele Staton Tindall, J. Matthew Webster, Carl G. Leukefeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Psychological stress has long been known to predict negative changes in physical and behavioral health in the general population. The same relationships have been found in research on drug abusers. In this longitudinal study, 477 clients of two Kentucky drug courts were followed for 1 year to examine the relationship between subjective stress at intake and outcomes 1 year after the baseline of this 18-month drug court program. Greater baseline subjective stress was significantly associated with poorer employment, substance use, criminal justice, and health outcomes at 1-year follow-up, even after adjusting for selected demographic characteristics and baseline levels of the outcomes of interest. If these results are replicated in these and other drug courts, then a stress reduction treatment trial within the drug court context should be attempted and evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-357
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2008


  • Criminality
  • Drug abstinence
  • Drug courts
  • Health status
  • Psychological stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology


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