Bauxite-modified oxygen carrier for chemical looping combustion: A possible solution to the heat of combustion compensation

Liang Kong, Jinhua Bao, Liangyong Chen, Zhen Fan, Wei Li, Heather Nikolic, Kunlei Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


CuO was induced into red mud oxygen carrier materials to balance the temperature difference between the fuel and air reactors in chemical looping combustion. Considering the lower melting point of CuO, surface sintering and agglomeration might be inevitable, and only a low loading was applied in this work. The addition of CuO did not lower the overall redox activity, as demonstrated by both thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and a bench-scale fluidized bed reactor. Instead, the oxygen transfer capacity was improved. A variety of characterization techniques were used to compare the crystal structure, surface morphology and physical properties before and after long-term reactions. The present results provide a potential strategy for the design and development of oxygen carriers with high stability and reactivity that maintain a lower required circulation rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-642
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center, Advanced Coal Technology Consortium. The authors are highly appreciative of Alcoa for kindly providing the red mud for our research.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Institution of Chemical Engineers


  • Chemical looping combustion
  • Heat balance
  • Long lifetime
  • Red mud

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)


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