Behavioral effects of nicotine exposure from secondhand tobacco smoke among bar and restaurant workers

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15 Scopus citations


This study explores the behavioral effects of nicotine exposure from secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) on bar and restaurant workers. Baseline data were obtained from a longitudinal study of 105 bar and restaurant workers. Hair nicotine, self-reported SHS exposure, smoking status, symptoms of nicotine exposure after being exposed to a smoky environment, and nicotine dependence were assessed. Nonsmokers reporting four or more symptoms of nicotine exposure had higher hair nicotine levels than those reporting less than four symptoms. Nonsmokers with higher hair nicotine levels were 2.2 times more likely to report 4 or more behavioral symptoms. Self-reported secondhand tobacco smoke exposure and hair nicotine were not predictive of nicotine dependence among smokers. Nicotine exposure from secondhand tobacco smoke may have important behavioral outcomes in nonsmokers. This study provides further evidence for the importance of prohibiting smoking in hospitality venues to protect the health of workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1922-1928
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Support for this study was provided by University of Kentucky Prevention Research Center for funding the larger project which provided the data for this secondary analysis.


  • Behavioral effects
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Secondhand tobacco smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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