Behavioral impulsivity predicts treatment outcome in a smoking cessation program for adolescent smokers

Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Brady Reynolds, Amy M. Duhig, Anne Smith, Thomas Liss, Amanda McFetridge, Dana A. Cavallo, Kathleen M. Carroll, Marc N. Potenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

322 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between impulsivity and smoking cessation treatment response among adolescents. Methods: Thirty adolescent smokers participated in a high school based smoking cessation program combining contingency management and cognitive behavioral therapy. Self-report (Barratt impulsiveness scale (BIS-II); Kirby delay discounting measure (DDM)) and behavioral (experiential discounting task (EDT); continuous performance task (CPT)) measures of impulsivity were assessed at treatment onset. Results: Sixteen participants (53%) were abstinent from smoking at completion of the four-week study. Compared to abstinent adolescents, those not achieving abstinence discounted monetary rewards more on the EDT and committed more commission errors on the CPT. Group differences were not observed on the BIS-II or DDM. Conclusions: These preliminary results suggest that specific behavioral measures of impulsivity may be associated with the ability to initiate and/or maintain abstinence from smoking among adolescent smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-82
Number of pages4
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2007

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Delay discounting
  • Impulsivity
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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