Benefit of vitamin E, riluzole, and gabapentin in a transgenic model of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Mark E. Gurney, Frank B. Cutting, Ping Zhai, Adam Doble, Charles P. Taylor, Paula K. Andrus, Edward D. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

619 Scopus citations

Abstract

Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) has been linked in some families to dominant mutations of the SOD1 gene encoding Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn SOD). We have used a transgenic model of FALS based on expression of mutant human Cu,Zn SOD to explore the etiology and therapy of the genetic disease. Expression of mutant, but not wild-type, human Cu,Zn SOD in mice places the brain and spinal cord under oxidative stress. This causes depletion of vitamin E, rather than the typical age-dependent increase in vitamin E content as occurs in nontransgenic mice and in mice expressing wild-type human Cu,Zn SOD. Dietary supplementation with vitamin E delays onset of clinical disease and slows progression in the transgenic model but does not prolong survival. In contrast, two putative inhibitors of the glutamatergic system, riluzole and gabapentin, prolong survival. However, riluzole did not delay disease onset. Thus, there was clear separation of effects on onset, progression, and survival by the three therapeutics tested. This suggests the hypothesis that oxidative damage produced by the expression of mutant Cu,Zn SOD causes slow or weak excitotoxicity that can be inhibited in part by altering glutamate release or biosynthesis presynaptically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-157
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Neurology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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