The goal of this study is to test the individual and combined effects of supplementing an online statistics lesson with four motivational strategies corresponding to Bandura's (1997) four sources of self-efficacy (anxiety coping, modeling, mental practice, and effort feedback) on cognitive, motivational, and affective outcomes. Internet participants (N = 279) completed an online statistics module in one of six conditions with one or all four self-efficacy-building strategies (5 treatment conditions) or none of these strategies (control condition). The results indicated that the four strategies worked effectively in combination, significantly improving transfer test scores (d = 0.608), increasing self-efficacy ratings (d = 0.696), and reducing task anxiety ratings (d = −0.534), as compared with the control condition. By contrast, no motivational strategy alone was effective. The results suggest the importance of taking advantage of the power of all four sources of self-efficacy information in combination when designing motivational interventions for online mathematical lessons.
|Journal||Contemporary Educational Psychology|
|State||Published - Oct 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a Quick-Turn-Around-Grant (QTAG), School of Teacher Education, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Western Kentucky University .
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
- Example-based learning
- Multimedia learning
- Online intervention
- Statistical learning
- Task anxiety
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology