Beverage consumption and adult weight management: A review

Elizabeth A. Dennis, Kyle D. Flack, Brenda M. Davy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total energy consumption among United States adults has increased in recent decades, and energy-containing beverages are a significant contributor to this increase. Because beverages are less satiating than solid foods, consumption of energy-containing beverages may increase energy intake and lead to weight gain; trends in food and beverage consumption coinciding with increases in overweight and obesity support this possibility. The purpose of this review is to present what is known about the effect of beverage consumption on short-term (i.e., meal) energy intake, as well as longer-term effects on body weight. Specific beverages addressed include water, other energy-free beverages (diet soft drinks, coffee and tea), and energy-containing beverages (soft drinks, juices and juice drinks, milk and soy beverages, alcohol). Existing evidence, albeit limited, suggests that encouraging water consumption, and substituting water and other energy-free beverages (diet soft drinks, coffee and tea) for energy-containing beverages may facilitate weight management. Energy-containing beverages acutely increase energy intake, however long-term effects on body weight are uncertain. While there may be health benefits for some beverage categories, additional energy provided by beverages should be compensated for by reduced consumption of other foods in the diet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-246
Number of pages10
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
B. Davy has received prior research funding from the Institute for Public Health and Water Research. All other authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Keywords

  • Adult weight management
  • Beverage
  • Energy intake
  • Obesity
  • Soft drinks
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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