Criminological research has tended to consider employment in a dichotomy of employed versus unemployed. The current research examines a sample of individuals 1-year post-release to assess the extent to which four distinct employment categories (full-time, part-time, disabled, and unemployed) are associated with reincarceration and days remaining in the community. Findings indicate disabled individuals remain in the community longer and at a higher proportion compared with other employment categories. Furthermore, unique protective and risk factors are found to be associated with each employment category while some risk factors (e.g., homelessness) highlight the importance of addressing reentry barriers regardless as to employment status.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: The first author was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Grant T32DA035200 (PI: Rush). This research would not have been possible without the Department of Corrections participation; however, the findings and ideas presented are solely those of the authors.
© The Author(s) 2018.
- time series
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology