Bidirectional associations between nightly sleep and daily happiness and negative mood in adolescents

Chrystyna D. Kouros, Peggy S. Keller, Olivia Martín-Piñón, Mona El-Sheikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined bidirectional associations between daily happiness and negative mood and subjective and objective sleep measures. Participants were 311 adolescents (Mage = 17.37 years; 51.8% female; 59.2% White/European American, 38.6% Black/African American, 1% Hispanic/Latinx American, 1.4% multi-racial; 19.3% below poverty line) observed over a 7-day period (2017–2018) using sleep diaries and actigraphy. Daily negative mood was related to greater subjective sleep/wake problems, and happiness was related to lower subjective sleep/wake problems. Conversely, shorter self-reported sleep duration was related to higher negative mood the next day. For actigraphy measures, daily negative mood was related to greater sleep duration and efficiency, whereas happiness was related to lower sleep efficiency. Differences in associations based on subjective versus objective sleep measures are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e547-e562
JournalChild Development
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grant R01‐HL136752 (PI: M. El‐Sheikh) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily reflect the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Child Development published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Research in Child Development.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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