Bidirectional Relations of Impulsive Personality and Alcohol Use Across Three Waves of Data Collection

Alison J. Kaiser, Heather A. Davis, Richard Milich, Gregory T. Smith, Richard Charnigo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To explore the bidirectional relations between alcohol use and three impulsive personality traits, to advance understanding of risk processes. Participants: 525 college students (mean age = 18.95 years) recruited in August 2008 and 2009 and followed up annually for three years. Methods: Personality and past/current substance use were assessed. Results: T2 sensation seeking mediated the predictive relationship between T1 and T3 alcohol use, and T2 alcohol use mediated the predictive relationship between T1 and T3 sensation seeking. In addition, T2 alcohol problems mediated the predictive relationship between T1 alcohol use and T3 negative urgency. Conclusions: Findings support a bidirectional relationship between sensation seeking and alcohol use, and drinking anticipates drinking problems, which predict increases in negative urgency. For some individuals, there appears to be an ongoing process of increased risk in the form of increases in both drinking and high-risk personality traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2386-2393
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume53
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by National Institute on Drug Abuse under grant number DA005312 awarded to the University of Kentucky Center on Drug Abuse Research Translation (CDART).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Impulsivity
  • alcohol use
  • college students
  • personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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