Binding model construction of antifungal 2-aryl-4-chromanones using CoMFA, CoMSIA, and QSAR analyses

Deng Guo Wei, Guang Fu Yang, Jian Wan, Chang Gguo Zhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flavonoids, generated by plants upon attack by a range of pathogens, are demonstrated to have a role in biotic and abiotic stress response phenomena in plants, and there is increasing evidence for the antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral activities of these compounds. Using the bioisosterism strategy, a series of 2-aryl-4-chromanone derivatives based upon the structure of flavanones, a kind of flavonoid phytoalexins, were synthesized and tested for the antifungal activity against Pyricularia grisea, which have been reported in our previous papers. To further explore the comprehensive structure-activity relationship and construct the binding model for the antifungal compounds, two kinds of molecular field analysis techniques, comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA), were performed following a Hansch-Fujita QSAR study. Superimpositions were performed using three alignment rules, that is, centroid-based alignment, common substructure-based alignment, and field fit alignment, and statistically reliable models with good predictive power (CoMFA r2 = 0.952, q 2 = 0.727; CoMSIA r2 = 0.965, q2 = 0.751) were achieved on the basis of the common substructure-based alignment. The combined results of CoMFA, CoMSIA, and former Hansch-Fujita QSAR analyses resulted in comprehensive understanding about the structure-activity relationships, which led to this construction of a plausible binding model of the title compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1604-1611
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 9 2005

Keywords

  • 2-Aryl-4-chromanones derivatives
  • Binding model
  • CoMFA
  • CoMSIA
  • Hansch-Fujita QSAR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)

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