Binding site selection for the plant MADS domain protein AGL15. An in vitro and in vivo study

Weining Tang, Sharyn E. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


AGL15 (for AGAMOUS-like 15) is currently the only reported member of the plant MADS domain family of transcriptional regulators that preferentially accumulates during embryo development. Additionally, AGL15 is one of the more divergent members of the MADS domain family, including within the DNA-binding domain. Previous studies have shown that MADS domain proteins bind to DNA sequences with an overall consensus of CC(A/T)6GG (called a CArG motif). Nonetheless, different MADS domain proteins exhibit similar yet distinct binding site preferences that may be critical for differential gene regulation. To determine the consensus sequence preferentially bound by AGL15 in vitro, PCR-assisted binding site selection assays were performed. AGL15 was observed to prefer a CArG motif with a longer A/T-rich core and is to date the only plant MADS domain protein having such a preference. Next, the Arabidopsis genome data base was searched for genes containing AGL15 binding sites as candidates for direct regulation by AGL15. One gene, DTA4 (for Downstream Target of AGL15-4), was identified by this method, and then confirmed as a direct target of AGL15 in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28154-28159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number30
StatePublished - Jul 25 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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