Bioactivities by a crude extract fromthe Greenlandic Pseudomonas sp. In5 involves the nonribosomal peptides, nunamycin and nunapeptin

Charlotte F. Michelsen, Helle Jensen, Vincent J. Venditto, Rosanna C. Hennessy, Peter Stougaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Bioactive microbial metabolites provide a successful source of novel compounds with pharmaceutical potentials. The bacterium Pseudomonas sp. In5 is a biocontrol strain isolated from a plant disease suppressive soil in Greenland, which produces two antimicrobial nonribosomal peptides (NRPs), nunapeptin and nunamycin. Methods. In this study, we used in vitro antimicrobial and anticancer bioassays to evaluate the potential bioactivities of both a crude extract derived from Pseudomonas sp. In5 and NRPs purified fromthe crude extract. Results. We verified that the crude extract derived from Pseudomonas sp. In5 showed suppressive activity against the basidiomycete Rhizoctonia solani by inducing a mitochondrial stress-response. Furthermore, we confirmed suppressive activity against the oomycete Pythium aphanidermatum by the Pseudomonas sp. In5 crude extract, and that the purified nunamycin and nunapeptin displayed distinct antimicrobial activities. In addition to the antimicrobial activity, we found that treatment of the cancer cell lines, Jurkat T-cells, Granta cells, and melanoma cells, with the Pseudomonas sp. In5 crude extract increased staining with the apoptotic marker Annexin V while no staining of healthy normal cells, i.e., naïve or activated CD4 T-cells, was observed. Treatment with either of the NRPs alone did not increase Annexin V staining of the Jurkat T-cells, despite individually showing robust antimicrobial activity, whereas an anticancer activity was detected when nunamycin and nunapeptin were used in combination. Discussion. Our results suggest that the bioactivity of a crude extract derived from Pseudomonas sp. In5 involves the presence of both nunamycin and nunapeptin and highlight the possibility of synergy between multiple microbial metabolites.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1476
JournalPeerJ
Volume2015
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Michelsen et al.

Keywords

  • Anticancer
  • Antimicrobial
  • Crude extract
  • Nonribosomal peptides
  • Pseudomonas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Bioactivities by a crude extract fromthe Greenlandic Pseudomonas sp. In5 involves the nonribosomal peptides, nunamycin and nunapeptin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this