Biological Functions and Clinical Applications of Anti-Müllerian Hormone in Stallions and Mares

Anthony N.J. Claes, Barry A. Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) plays a major role in sexual differentiation, Leydig cell differentiation, and folliculogenesis. In addition, AMH has clinical value in equine practice. In stallions, AMH can serve as an endocrine marker for equine cryptorchidism and as an immunohistochemical marker for Sertoli cell tumors. Considering that AMH is also an ovarian specific product, intact mares can be differentiated from ovariectomized mares. Peripheral AMH concentrations reflect the follicular population in mares, and therefore, are useful in the assessment of ovarian reserve and reproductive life-span of aged mares. Last, AMH is particularly suitable as a diagnostic marker for equine granulosa cell tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-464
Number of pages14
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Equine Practice
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Anti-Müllerian hormone
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Equine
  • Equine granulosa cell tumor
  • Mare
  • Ovarian reserve
  • Sertoli cell tumor
  • Stallion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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