Biomimicry of school of fish for community windstorm design

Brandon Enbody, Mariantonieta Gutierrez Soto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Cities are built and designed to encompass many considerations and needs. When compared to multi-celled organisms, single structures imitate individual cells while communities and cities embody the organisms. For the organism to survive and thrive, all of its individual cells need to operate together. Appropriately, the next step in civic smart design is to apply smart organization to benefit a community's collective ability to survive storms rather than simply its pieces. This paper presents a design method for the protection of communities from severe windstorm events. The design method is inspired by the biomimicry of the school of fish. The method of smart organization for fluid survivability is inspired by aquatic life and school of fish. Some of the identified adaptations to marine life include the layout of a community in terms of spacing between building structures, the shape of the overall community and roof systems that can be designed mimicking the school of the fish cross-section. This paper presents seven adaptations that have been identified from fluid-structure envelope design (nano-level) to single building structure geometry (micro-level) to community layout design (macro-level).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX
EditorsRaul J. Martin-Palma, Mato Knez, Akhlesh Lakhtakia
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625853
StatePublished - 2019
EventBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX 2019 - Denver, United States
Duration: Mar 4 2019Mar 5 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 SPIE.


  • Aquatic life
  • Biomimicry
  • Fish
  • Hazard safety
  • Marine movement
  • Smart design
  • Smart structures
  • Storm
  • Urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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