Biosynthesis of the 17- and 27-kDa N-terminal fragments of elongation factor EF-2 and their conformation in solution

A. N. Plotnikov, K. S. Vasilenko, M. D. Kirkitadze, N. V. Kotova, L. P. Motuz, K. V. Korotkov, G. V. Semisotnov, Yu B. Alakhov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


N-Terminal fragments of the rat liver elongation factor EF-2 containing 162 (17 kDa) and 244 (27 kDa) amino acid residues of 857 (95 kDa) residues of the native protein were synthesized in E. coli cells and in a wheat germ cell-free translation system, and their conformations were studied. Both fragments were synthesized as inclusion bodies (nonspecific molecular aggregates). The conformations of the fragments in a solution were studied at neutral pH values by CD, fluorescence spectroscopy, scanning microcalorimetry, viscosimetry, gel-filtration, limited proteolysis, and interaction with monospecific anti-EF-2 antibodies and GroEL/ES molecular chaperon. Under nondenaturing conditions, both fragments existed in a solution as associates within a broad range of molecular masses, contained a considerable amount of elements of the intramolecular secondary structure, and represented globules without rigid tertiary structure (molten globules). A rigid tertiary structure was not formed even after the interaction of the fragments with the GroEL/ES molecular chaperone, thus indicating that the C-terminal fragment is essential for the formation of the rigid tertiary structure. Both fragments contained conformational antigenic determinants similar to those in the whole protein, i.e., despite the absence of the rigid tertiary structure, the fragments contained elements whose structure was similar to that of the corresponding regions in the whole protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-427
Number of pages12
JournalRussian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1996


  • EF-2 elongation factors
  • Fragments of globular proteins
  • Inclusion bodies
  • Molecular chaperone GroEL/ES
  • Molten globule
  • Protein folding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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