Endogenous retinoids are present in the embryonic mouse mandible and reach a concentration peak immediately before the formation of the dental lamina. Because exogenous retinoids alter the pattern of the dental lamina and the expression of epidermal growth factor mRNA (a transcript necessary for initiation of odontogenesis), the role of retinoic acid in the initiation of odontogenesis was studied here. Citral (3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal), a known inhibitor of retinoic acid synthesis, was used to block the endogenous synthesis of retinoic acid in the mouse embryonic mandible before the formation of the dental lamina (gestational day 9). A 24-h exposure to citral totally blocked tooth formation in 7 10 mandibles. Reductions of endogenous retinoic acid concentrations were confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Tooth formation was restored by simultaneous treatment with all-trans retinoic acid or 9-cis retinoic acid during the citral exposures (first 24 h of culture). Endogenous retinoic acid is necessary for the initiation of odontogenesis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Archives of Oral Biology|
|State||Published - Jul 1995|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgement--This work was supported USPHS/NIH grant number DE10839-02 (JEK).
- mandibular development
- pattern formation
- retinoic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Dentistry (all)
- Cell Biology