Guanine-rich and cytosine-rich DNA can form fourstranded DNA secondary structures called Gquadruplex (G4) and i-motif, respectively. These structures widely exist in genomes and play important roles in transcription, replication, translation and protection of telomeres. In this study, G4 and i-motif structures were identified in the promoter of the transcription factor gene BmPOUM2, which regulates the expression of the wing disc cuticle protein gene (BmWCP4) during metamorphosis. Disruption of the i-motif structure by base mutation, antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) or inhibitory ligands resulted in significant decrease in the activity of the BmPOUM2 promoter. A novel i-motif binding protein (BmILF) was identified by pull-down experiment. BmILF specifically bound to the i-motif and activated the transcription ofBmPOUM2. The promoter activity of BmPOUM2 was enhanced when BmILF was overexpressed and decreased when BmILF was knockeddown by RNA interference. This study for the first time demonstrated that BmILF and the i-motif structure participated in the regulation of gene transcription in insect metamorphosis and provides new insights into the molecular mechanism of the secondary structures in epigenetic regulation of gene transcription.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Nucleic Acids Research|
|State||Published - Feb 28 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Chinese National Natural Science Foundation [31330071, 31672494, 31720103916, 2012CB114602]. Funding for open access charge: South China Normal University. Conflict of interest statement. None declared.
© 2017 The Author(s).
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