Bond between CFRP rod panels and concrete using cementitious mortar

Akram Jawdhari, Amir Fam, Issam Harik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Carbon-FRP rod panels (CRPs), generated from small diameter rods mounted on a fiberglass mesh, are becoming a viable retrofit option. The gaps between rods enable full encapsulation by adhesive, thereby enhancing bond to existing concrete members, compared to flat plates. Existing studies focused on epoxy adhesive. In this study, 44 notched-beam bond tests, were carried out to investigate the effectiveness of cementitious mortar in bonding CRP to concrete and to examine the effects of a number of material and geometric parameters, comparing CRP to flat plates and mortar to epoxy. Results showed that the mortar was able to achieve a comparable ultimate load (Pult.), 86% that of epoxy, and a much more ductile failure by gradual rod slippage from the mortar. Compared to an equivalent CFRP plate, Pult. of CRP was 1.17 and 7 times, respectively, for epoxy and cementitious mortar. Brittle debonding failure dominated in CRP with epoxy and in CFRP plate with both epoxy and mortar. Pult was found to vary linearly with the bond length of CRP, up to a development length of 125 mm. A value of 460 kN/m can be assumed for bond strength. Rod axial stress (σf) increased by 42%, when CRP panel-to-concrete width (bf /bc) ratio increased from 0.25 to 0.5; decreased linearly by 13% when rod spacing-to-diameter (S/D) ratio increased from 3 to 8; decreased by 76% when rod diameter D increased from 2 to 4 mm. Sand coating the smooth rod resulted in a 45% increase in σf of the 4 mm rods but not the 2 mm rods, although failure shifted from gradual slippage to sudden debonding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117503
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Feb 28 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Bond
  • CFRP rod panels
  • Cementitious adhesive
  • Concrete
  • Epoxy
  • Mortar
  • Retrofit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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