Bone remodeling-associated salivary biomarker MIP-1α distinguishes periodontal disease from health

M. Al-Sabbagh, A. Alladah, Y. Lin, R. J. Kryscio, M. V. Thomas, J. L. Ebersole, C. S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objective: The field of salivary diagnostics lacks an accepted and validated biomarker of alveolar bone remodeling. To address this, we examined levels of salivary biomolecules specifically associated with biological aspects of bone remodeling in subjects with chronic periodontitis in a case-control study. Material and Methods: Levels of macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), osteoprotegerin, C-telopeptide pyridinoline cross-links of typeI collagen and β-C-terminal typeI collagen telopeptide in unstimulated whole saliva of 80 subjects (40 subjects with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis and 40 sex- and age-matched healthy control subjects) were measured using enzyme immunosorbent assays. Saliva was collected before clinical examination, which included probing depth, clinical attachment loss and bleeding on probing. Results: The mean level of MIP-1α in subjects with periodontitis was 18-fold higher than in healthy subjects (p<0.0001). Clinical periodontal indices correlated significantly with MIP-1α levels (p<0.0001). Of the biomolecules examined, MIP-1α demonstrated the greatest ability to discriminate between periodontal disease and health as determined by the area under the curve (0.94) and classification and regression tree analysis (sensitivity 94% and specificity 92.7%). Osteoprotegerin levels were elevated 1.6-fold (p=0.055), whereas C-telopeptide pyridinoline cross-links of typeI collagen and β-C-terminal typeI collagen telopeptide levels were below the level of detection in the majority of subjects. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the chemokine MIP-1α may aid in identifying periodontitis. Future longitudinal studies are warranted to determine whether this biomarker can help in ascertaining the progression of bone loss in subjects with periodontal disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Bone remodeling
  • C-telopeptide pyridinoline cross-links of type I collagen
  • Macrophage inflammatory protein-1α
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • Periodontal disease
  • Periodontal health
  • Saliva
  • β-C-terminal type I collagen telopeptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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