Bounds on operator dimensions in 2d conformal field theories

Joshua D. Qualls, Alfred D. Shapere

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35 Scopus citations


We extend the work of Hellerman to derive an upper bound on the conformal dimension Δ2 of the next-to-lowest nontrival primary operator in unitary, modular- invariant two-dimensional conformal field theories without chiral primary operators, with total central charge ctot > 2. The bound we find is of the same form as found by Hellerman 12 +O(1). We obtain a similar bound on the conformal dimension Δ3, and present a method for deriving bounds on Δn for any n, under slightly modified assump-12 + O(1). This implies an asymptotic lower bound of order exp(πctot/12) on the number of primary operators of dimension ≤ ctot/12 + O(1), in the large-c limit. In dual gravitational theories, this corresponds to a lower bound in the flat-space limit on the number of gravitational states without boundary excitations, of mass less than or equal to 1/4GN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number91
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2014

Bibliographical note

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  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Conformal and W Symmetry
  • Field Theories in Lower Dimensions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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