BPAS: Blockchain-Assisted Privacy-Preserving Authentication System for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Qi Feng, Debiao He, Sherali Zeadally, Kaitai Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Scopus citations


If all vehicles are connected together through a wireless communication channel, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) can support a wide range of real-time traffic information services, such as intelligent routing, weather monitoring, emergency call, etc. However, the accuracy and credibility of the transmitted messages among the VANETs are of paramount importance as life may depend on it. In this article we introduce a novel framework called blockchain-assisted privacy-preserving authentication system (BPAS) that provides authentication automatically in VANETs and preserves vehicle privacy at the same time. This design is highly efficient and scalable. It does not require any online registration centre (except for system initialization and vehicle registration), and allows conditional tracing and dynamic revocation of misbehaving vehicles. In this article, we conduct an in-depth security analysis and a comprehensive performance evaluation (which is based on the Hyperledger Fabric platform) for our proposed framework. The results demonstrate that our framework is an efficient solution for the development of a decentralized authentication system in VANETs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8873608
Pages (from-to)4146-4155
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received September 3, 2019; revised September 28, 2019; accepted October 12, 2019. Date of publication October 17, 2019; date of current version February 28, 2020. This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 61932016, Grant 61972294, and Grant 61772377 and in part by the Opening Project of Guangdong Key Laboratory of Data Security and Privacy Protection under Grant 2017B030301004. Paper no. TII-19-4092. (Corresponding author: Debiao He.) Q. Feng is with the Key Laboratory of Aerospace Information Security and Trusted Computing, Ministry of Education, School of Cyber Science and Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China, and also with the Cyberspace Security Research Center, Peng Cheng Laboratory, Shenzhen 518066, China (e-mail: fengqi.whu@whu.edn.cn).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2005-2012 IEEE.


  • Authentication
  • blockchain
  • smart contract
  • vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'BPAS: Blockchain-Assisted Privacy-Preserving Authentication System for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this