Brief version of the coping health inventory for parents (CHIP) among family caregivers of children with chronic diseases

Filiberto Toledano-Toledano, José Moral De La Rubia, Laurie D. McCubbin, Bridget Cauley, David Luna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: The Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP) has demonstrated good psychometric properties in several language forms and has been used to assess the coping behaviors of families facing disease. However, the CHIP has not been validated in Mexico among families of children with chronic conditions, where it could be useful for research and intervention. The objectives of this instrumental study were to obtain a version of the CHIP for the Spanish language in Mexico, establish the factor structure of the Mexican version of the CHIP, probe its internal consistency reliability, and assess its concurrent construct validity. Methods: A nonprobability sample of 405 family caregivers of children with chronic diseases responded to a battery of measurement instruments that included the CHIP, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The sample was randomly divided into two parts. In one subsample (190 participants), an exploratory factor analysis was performed using a principal component analysis and oblique rotation. In the second subsample (215 participants), a confirmatory factor analysis was performed using maximum likelihood estimation. Results: The scale was reduced to 16 items (CHIP-16) with factorial loads greater than.50. The empirical criteria used to determine the number of factors converged on the following five factors: belief and trust (McDonald ω =.85), spouse/partner relationship (ω =.79), home care (ω =.77), family involvement (ω =.75), and security/stability (ω =.79). The overall internal consistency was good (ω =.88). The five-factor model showed acceptable fit indices and high parsimony. The mean CHIP-16 scores and the Spouse/partner relationship scores among the caregivers with anxiety were greater than those among the caregivers without anxiety. The mean home-care scores among the women were greater than those among men. Conclusions: The 16-item version of the CHIP showed good internal consistency and construct validity; thus, the CHIP-16 is a useful instrument for measuring and assessing coping in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 19 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s).


  • Anxiety
  • Coping
  • Depression
  • Family caregivers
  • Mexico
  • Psychometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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