Buffering the effects of peer victimization on adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: The role of self-compassion and family cohesion

Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Yang Hou, Chao Du, Min Pei Lin, Xiaoling Zheng, Congfen Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant behavioral problem among adolescents all over the world. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between peer victimization and NSSI, as well as the buffering effects of self-compassion and family cohesion on this relationship. Data were collected at two time points from 525 secondary school students (226 girls; Mage = 12.97, SD = 1.02) in China. Results showed that peer victimization (marginally) significantly predicted NSSI over time even after controlling for Wave 1 NSSI. This association was weakened under the condition of high levels of self-compassion. Findings of this study emphasize the buffering effect of self-compassion in the relationship between peer victimization and NSSI, and are informative for prevention and intervention of this behavioral problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31300874 ), the National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant 14ZDB159 ), and the Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan (Grant No. NSC 102-2511-S-003 -016 -MY3 ). This study was also supported by Research Center for Crisis Intervention and Psychological Service of Guangdong Province , South China Normal University and the base of psychological services and counseling for “Happiness” in Guangzhou. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Family cohesion
  • Non-suicidal self-injury
  • Peer victimization
  • Self-compassion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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