Despite the current threat from climate change, plastic collecting in the world's oceans, and the steady loss of biodiversity, the world continually fails to take action with regard to our rapidly changing ecosystem. Unfortunately, waiting on governments to act is no longer a viable option. Rapid change is needed and the pace of diplomacy is simply too slow. Democratic governments are reactionary and taking action to solve future problems is not a priority, even as the threat of potential ecological catastrophe draws ever closer. Change is in the hands of individuals, and it is our decisions and behaviors that will influence the future of our planet and our ability to inhabit it. Therefore, building momentum for sustainable behavior must begin with individuals. The neoliberal approach to environmental protection posits that individuals are motivated by rational self-interest, and that economic incentives are necessary to achieve environmental goals. However, recent research suggests that monetary gain alone actually negatively impacts behavior, and often neglects the rural poor. As a result, models for projects designed to benefit the environment need more than just a monetary incentive, they must incorporate all three pillars of sustainability: environment, economy and society. One approach for building momentum for sustainable behavior with regard to municipal solid waste management, particularly in the developing world, is by implementing Locally Managed Decentralized Circular Economy (LMDCE) principles. This contribution will describe the role behavioral economics plays in the choices made by producers and consumers. The results of a case study on applying LMDCE principles in Uganda to manage waste plastic accumulation by conversion to fuel oil will be presented.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering|
|State||Published - Jul 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The contributions of Noble Banadda, Professor and Chair of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering and Mr. Ronald Kizza, graduate student at Makerere University are gratefully acknowledged. The resources provided at Makerere University Agricultural Research Institute in Kabanyolo (MAURIK) for testing the waste plastic to fuel oil technology are also gratefully acknowledged. Funding for the Kampala case study was provided by the Rotary Club of Paducah, Kentucky and the technology was disseminated through the assistance of Rotary Club of Kampala, Uganda.
© 2019 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press Co., Ltd.
- Appropriate technology
- Behavioral economics
- Municipal solid waste
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Chemistry (all)
- Chemical Engineering (all)