Building orientation-structure-property in laser powder bed fusion of NiTi shape memory alloy

Mohammadreza Nematollahi, Sayed Ehsan Saghaian, Keyvan Safaei, Parisa Bayati, Paola Bassani, Carlo Biffi, Ausonio Tuissi, Haluk Karaca, Mohammad Elahinia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


This study is the first study on the compressive and tensile stress-strain revealing the deformation anisotropy among laser powder bed fusion NiTi parts fabricated with the same process conditions. We investigated the effects of building orientation on the microstructure and the resulting shape memory properties. To this end, three orientations were selected, namely 0, 45, and 90-degree, measured from the build plate and fabricated with the same process parameters. A strong (001) texture was formed along the building direction for all of the samples; a different texture could however be observed along the loading direction (LD). Samples fabricated with 45-degree showed a texture of (110) along the LD, as confirmed through X-ray diffraction and backscattered diffraction while 0 and 90 samples still had the (001) texture along with the LD. These texture variations created anisotropic compression-tension behaviors with deformation patterns consistent with single crystals. The (001) -textured parts showed higher strength and lower transformation strain (2.87% @ 200 MPa in tension for 0 ͦ) while the (110) samples showed higher transformation strain at lower stresses (5.31% @ 150 MPa in tension for 45 ͦ).

Original languageEnglish
Article number159791
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - Aug 25 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Build orientation
  • LPBF
  • Shape memory alloy
  • Texture
  • Thermomechanical behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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