Buthionine sulfoximine treatment impairs rat diaphragm function

Carlos F. Morales, Antonio Anzueto, Francisco Andrade, James Brassard, Stephanie M. Levine, Leo C. Maxwell, Richard A. Lawrence, Stephen G. Jenkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Activation of the glutathione (GSH) redox cycle with production of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) has been shown to occur in the diaphragm during inspiratory resistive loading (RB). Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) lowers tissue GSH by irreversibly inhibiting the rate-limiting synthesis enzyme γ- glutamylcysteine synthetase. We investigated the effects of BSO on rat diaphragm function both at rest and after a period of RB. Rats in the RB groups underwent inspiratory RB until they were unable to sustain 70% of their maximal airway pressure. A portion of the diaphragm was analyzed for GSH and GSSG levels, and measurements of in vitro contractile properties included contraction times, maximal tetanic tension (Po), maximal twitch tension (Pt), and force frequency curves. BSO treatment produced a profound depletion of diaphragmatic GSH. Neither BSO nor RB alone significantly altered diaphragm contractile properties at this load of RB. But, in BSO-RB rats, there was a significant decrease in Pt, Po, and tetanic tension at all frequencies of stimulation compared with those in other groups. These data reveal that animals treated with BSO followed by inspiratory resistive loading exhibit marked diaphragm impairment, suggesting that GSH may play an important role in protecting the diaphragm from the stress induced by this resistive breathing protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-919
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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