The present study examined respiratory muscle endurance and the magnitude of the sense of effort during inspiratory threshold loading following a dose of caffeine (600 mg) previously observed to increase diaphragm strength. Experiments were performed on 12 normal subjects. Respiratory muscle endurance at a given level of load was assessed from the time of exhaustion and from the time course of the change in the power spectrum (centroid frequency) of the diaphragm electromyogram (EMG). The intensity of the sense of effort during loaded breathing was evaluated using a category (Borg) scale. Increasingly severe loads were associated with more rapid onset of fatigue. At a given load, caffeine prolonged the time to exhaustion and decreased the rate of fall of the centroid frequency of the diaphragm EMG. Caffeine also decreased the sense of effort during loaded breathing in 9 of 11 subjects. Changes in respiratory muscle endurance after caffeine administration were not explained by changes in the pressure-time index of the respiratory muscles or the pattern of thoracoabdominal movement. We conclude that caffeine enhances inspiratory muscle endurance, while concomitantly reducing the sense of effort associated with fatiguing inspiratory muscle contractions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)