The present experiments were designed to examine the ability of calcitriol to protect against methamphetamine (METH)-induced reductions in striatal serotonin (5-HT) release and content. Male Fischer-344 rats were administered vehicle or calcitriol (0.3, 1.0, or 3.0 μg/kg, s.c.) once a day for 8 consecutive days. After the seventh day of treatment the animals were given METH (5 mg/kg, s.c.) or saline 4 times in 1 day at 2 h intervals. Seven days after the METH or saline treatments in vivo microdialysis experiments were conducted to measure potassium and d-amphetamine evoked overflow of 5-HT from the striatum. In animals treated with vehicle and METH there were significant reductions in both potassium and d-amphetamine evoked overflow of 5-HT. The 1.0 and 3.0 μg/kg/day doses of calcitriol provided significant protection against the 5-HT depleting effects of METH. A similar pattern of neuroprotection was found for post-mortem tissue levels of 5-HT. The calcitriol treatments did not prevent hyperthermia during the multiple injections of METH, indicating that the protective effects of calcitriol are not due to prevention of METH-induced increases in body temperature. These results suggest that calcitriol can provide significant protection against the 5-HT depleting effects of neurotoxic doses of METH.
|State||Published - Oct 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the United States National Institutes of Health (Grant number DA22314 ).
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology