Calpain 5 Is Highly Expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), carries dual nuclear localization signals, and is associated with nuclear promyelocytic leukemia protein bodies

Ranjana Singh, M. Kathryn Brewer, Charles B. Mashburn, Dingyuan Lou, Vimala Bondada, Brantley Graham, James W. Geddes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calpain 5 (CAPN5) is a non-classical member of the calpain family. It lacks the EF hand motif characteristic of classical calpains but retains catalytic and Ca2+ binding domains, and it contains a unique C-terminal domain. TRA-3, an ortholog of CAPN5, has been shown to be involved in necrotic cell death in Caenorhabditis elegans. CAPN5 is expressed throughout the CNS, but its expression relative to other calpains and subcellular distribution has not been investigated previously. Based on relative mRNAlevels, Capn5 is the secondmosthighly expressed calpain in the rat CNS, with Capn2 mRNA being the most abundant. Unlike classical calpains, CAPN5is a non-cytosolic protein localized to the nucleus and extra-nuclear locations.CAPN5possesses two nuclear localization signals (NLS): an N-terminal monopartite NLS and a unique bipartiteNLScloser to theCterminus.TheC-terminalNLS contains a SUMO-interacting motif that contributes to nuclear localization, and mutation or deletion of bothNLSrendersCAPN5 exclusively cytosolic. Dual NLS motifs are common among transcription factors. Interestingly, CAPN5 is found in punctate domains associated with promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein within the nucleus. PML nuclear bodies are implicated in transcriptional regulation, cell differentiation, cellular response to stress, viral defense, apoptosis, and cell senescence as well as protein sequestration, modification, and degradation. The roles of nuclear CAPN5 remain to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19383-19394
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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