Campus- and Individual-Level Predictors of Risk for Interpersonal Violence Perpetration

Jacob A. Nason, Annelise Mennicke, Carrie A. Moylan, Erin Meehan, Victoria McClare, Emily Clear, Candace Brancato, Heather Bush, Ann Coker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This paper examined risk for interpersonal violence (family or dating violence, sexual harassment, or sexual violence) perpetration using individual- and campus-level factors to understand how variations in campus culture and environment might shape risk of perpetration. Method: We conducted a secondary data analysis of data collected from 23,389 students at 12 universities that participated in a bystander intervention program evaluation from 2016 to 2019. We used multilevel logistic regression to analyze individual- (e.g., gender, association with risky peers, binge drinking) and campus-level factors (e.g., campus diversity, perceived institutional intolerance for sexual misconduct). The primary outcome was interpersonal violence perpetration. Results: Individual- and campus-level variables were associated with perpetration. Perpetration risk factors included being younger, a cisgender man, in a relationship, associating with risky peers, and having drinking problems. At the campus-level, increased ethnic diversity, higher perceptions of institutional intolerance for sexual misconduct, and being on a campus in which students reported more awareness of or exposure to sexual violence programming was associated with reduced perpetration risk. Conclusions: These findings highlight how campus-level factors contribute to risk of interpersonal violence perpetration. We recommend campuses develop prevention programs that target campus-level structures, attitudes, and norms that may encourage interpersonal violence perpetration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Family Violence
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Campus sexual assault
  • Dating violence
  • Family violence
  • Interpersonal violence
  • Sexual harassment
  • Violence perpetration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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